Domestic violence : “Ring the Bell”
Domestic violence is a worldwide problem. It is also known as intimate partner violence (IPV). Domestic abuse includes any form of violence suffered by a person from a biological relative, but typically is the violence suffered by a woman by male members of her family or relatives.
Domestic violence is of different types, such as:
It is the most visible form of domestic violence. The scope of physical domestic includes slapping, pushing, kicking, biting, hitting, throwing objects, strangling, beating, threatening etc. with any form of weapon. Physical injuries are more obvious than psychological ones, and can be more easily discerned by health experts or doctors as well as courts of law in the context of legal prosecution.
It has been gaining more and more recognition in recent years. Such type of violence can erode a woman’s sense of self-worth, self – esteem and can be highly harmful to overall mental and physical well being. Emotional/psychological abuse can include harassment; threats; verbal abuse such as name-calling, degradation and blaming; stalking; and isolation etc.
Women who experience domestic violence overwhelmingly tend to have greater emotional distress, as well as high occurrences of suicidal thoughts and attempts.
Domestic sexual assault is a form of domestic violence involving sexual/reproductive coercion and marital rape.
An honour killing is the practice wherein an individual is killed by one or more family member(s), because s/he is believed to have brought shame. The shame may range from refusing to enter in an arranged marriage, having sex outside marriage, being in a relationship that is disapproved by the family, starting a divorce proceeding, or engaging in homosexual relations etc.
Dowry deaths in India are not limited to any specific religion, and it is found among Hindus, Muslims, Sikhs and others. The ratio of dowry deaths is about the same as the ratio of population in India by religions.
Some newly married brides suffer domestic violence in the form of harassment, physical abuse or death when she is thought to have not brought enough dowry with marriage. Some cases end up in suicides by hanging, self-poisoning or by fire. In dowry deaths, the groom’s family is the perpetrator of murder or suicide.
With so much at stake, responding to violence against women should be a top priority for everyone. Research tells us that violence is a learned behavior.
In India, there are instances of such type of violence but government tend to implement and execute policies so that a women can live with dignity pride and feel secure in every sphere of life… to spread awareness on domestic violence and to stop domestic violence, a campaign was started In 2008 ,named “Bell Bajao” . This campaign aimed at utilizing the power of media and community mobilization tools to create a gender sensitive society. The Bell Bajao campaign focuses on breaking the notion that domestic violence is a private affair and seeks to mobilize young men to take a stand against violence.
In short, Domestic violence against women ought to be perceived as a socio-economic problem than a private, imbedded within family — a domestic issue which can be easily ignored. It must receive appropriate attention from the various institutions within our society as an issue affecting the overall standard of living. It is not only a women’s issue, but also a problem that threatens the harmony within our communities. Although “bell bajao” was an important initiative, many other programmes and policies need to be implemented to stop domestic abuse.
“If women are safe in the home, all of us will be safe outside the home.”