Women Empowerment refers to increase and improve the social, economic, political and legal strength of the women, to ensure equal-right to women, and to make them confident enough to claim their rights. Empowerment of women would mean encouraging women to be self-reliant, independent, have positive self-esteem, generate confidence to face any difficult situation and invite active participation in various socio-political development endeavours.
The growing conscience is to accept women as individuals capable of making rational and educated decision about them as well as the society, increasing and improving the economic, political and legal strength of the women, to ensure equal-right as men, achieve internationally agreed goals for development and sustainability, and improve the quality of life for their families and communities. Discrimination against women is rampant all over the world even in this 21st century. Patriarchal societies in most countries are adept at exploitation as well as victimisation of women. Crimes directed specifically against women are reported from all over the world.
There still remain questions about the acceptance of women empowerment is the most advanced of countries, while developing nations and nations under political duress are far from achieving the desired status.
The position and status of women all over the world has raised incredibly in the 20th century. A long struggle going back over a century has brought women the property rights, voting rights, inequality in civil rights before the law in matters of marriage and employment. In addition to the above rights, in India, the customs of purdah (vile system), female infanticide, child marriage, sati pratha, dowry system and the state of permanent widowhood were either totally removed or checked to an appreciable extent after independence through legislative measures.
Apart from these many welfare schemes for women and child like Beti Bachao Beti Padhao Scheme, Ujjawlala, ICDS, Kishori Skakti Yojana etc., have been launched by the Indian government.
In view of the above, it may be expected that with a strong determination, commitment, and involvement of people and organisations with philanthropic motive and a rational outlook, the problem that women faced, can be solved and hurdled be overcome for promoting national rejuvenation and development.
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